social media

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Growing Importance of Cybersecurity of Data Transfer on the Internet

Author: Małgorzata Krystyna Such-Pyrgiel
Institution: The Alcide De Gasperi University of Euroregional Economy in Józefów (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5435-1154
Author: Anna Gołębiowska
Institution: The Main School of Fire in Warsaw (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0478-5047
Author: Dariusz Prokopowicz
Institution: Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6383-916X
Published online: 20 June 2022
Final submission: 25 April 2022
Printed issue: 2022
Source: Show
Page no: 15
Pages: 81-95
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202224
PDF: ppsy/51/ppsy202224_5.pdf

Information technologies, ICT and Industry 4.0 are developing particularly fast in the fourth technological revolution. During the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been an increase in the scale of digitisation and internationalisation of remote communication processes and various aspects of economic activity. Digitisation of the economy is currently taking place simultaneously in many areas of economic processes and the functioning of many economic entities and public, financial and other institutions. Many companies, enterprises and public institutions that previously operated mostly or solely offline during the pandemic have switched to remote, electronic operation via the Internet. The development of electronic banking is also increasing, including internet and mobile banking. The share of electronic, cashless payments via the Internet and payments with electronic bank cards is increasing. In addition, in recent years, the range of applications of Data Science, Big Data, and Data Analytics technologies in economics, finance and organisation management, including enterprises, financial and public institutions, has been increasing. Therefore, the importance of implementing analytical instruments for advanced processing of large Data Science data sets in enterprises, financial and public institutions is also growing, including the construction of Big Data Analytics platforms to support organisation management processes in various aspects of operations, including improvement relationship with customers. The scale of cybercrime has also increased during the pandemic, as has the importance of improving cybersecurity techniques and instruments.

From Facebook Toward the Metaverse – How the Future Educators Build Interpersonal Relationships Using Social Media

Author: Monika Frania
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2647-7363
Author: Fernando Luís de Sousa Correia
Institution: University of Madeira
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9960-9419
Author: Ana Maria França Freitas Kot Kotecki
Institution: University of Madeira
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4313-8363
Author: Ivana Batarelo Kokić
Institution: University of Split
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8830-6252
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 13-26
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2022.69.3.01
PDF: tner/202203/tner6901.pdf

At the threshold of emerging parallel immersive environments and metaverse worlds, the use of social media to build interpersonal relationships is a common phenomenon. This study aimed to diagnose, describe, and compare the use of social media to build and sustain interpersonal contacts and to refer to the level of interpersonal competences among students of pedagogical courses in two selected universities in Poland and Portugal. The studies were quantitative and employed the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire by D. Buhrmester, W. Furman, M.T. Wittenberg and H.T. Reis, as well as the author’s own questionnaire. The analyses show that social media play a major role in building interpersonal relationships for Polish and Portuguese students in areas such as establishing new contacts, maintaining offline relationships, mutual learning and self-presentation. Non-face-to-face relations may interfere with establishing contact face to face. The analyses also show that the level of interpersonal competences among the respondents in terms of the skills and readiness to provide emotional support to others is differentiated by the way and scope of social media usage in the area under consideration. It can be assumed that in the group of respondents, the more they are willing and able to provide emotional support to others, the more effective and balanced way they use social media in building interpersonal relationships.

Blocking of Content. Between Freedom of Speech and the Regulation of Digital Media

Author: Katarzyna Chałubińska-Jentkiewicz
Institution: War Studies University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0188-5704
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 511-519
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2022.06.38
PDF: ppk/70/ppk7038.pdf

Nowadays, the concept of digital media, is nothing new. The article refers to the conditions of legal change implied by the vast progress and revolutionary digital transformation that has taken place when the media, which are an integral part of the communication process, have entered the realm of image culture, a sphere where they obliterate traditional modes of communication, creating a new sphere of influence, without a clear separation between the sender and the receiver. Hence, digital content has become the basis for the construction of a new system of axiology, so relevant in terms of constitutional values.

Postawy antyuchodźcze uczestników social mediów a cele edukacji międzykulturowej

Author: Ewa Kozik
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1129-0536
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 28-40
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2023.02.02
PDF: em/21/em2102.pdf

Anti-refugee attitudes of social media participants and the goals of intercultural education

The purpose of this article is to present anti-refugee attitudes observed on the Internet which show the influence of virtual space on the formation of opinions on refugees. The data collected during the ethnographic research in the period 2015–2019 concern attitudes, behaviors and narratives negating the reception of refugees from the Middle East and North Africa, as well as the grassroots criticism of Internet users against sheltering refugees in the Polish territories. Social media were shown as a tool for expressing public opposition to the prospect of accepting refugees into Poland. Among the data, there were contents that comprised an indirect or direct negation of the goals of intercultural education. An analysis was conducted of the content posted on the Facebook platform on the website “No to the Islamization of Europe”, the functioning of which focuses on informing and commenting on the events related to the “migration crisis”. The research material includes the data from 2018 – a period when the attention of the creators of this medium focused on the potentially negative consequences of accepting refugees into Europe. The conclusions of the research justify and explain the need for the goals of cultural education, which is shown here as a way to counteract stereotypes.

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