South China Sea

  • THE BACKGROUND OF THE DISPUTES OVER THE SOUTH CHINA SEA ISLANDS

    Author: Karol Kościelniak
    Institution: University in Poznań
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-19
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: rop/2014/rop201401.pdf

    In the light of the official statements made by the capitals of its coastal states, there is probably not a single centimetre of free space left in this sea, to which a claim has not been issued. In some parts of the sea, the claims of three, four of even five states overlap, creating a truly Gordian knot. The significance of the South China Sea causes that if the dispute over the archipelagos is not settled by implementing peaceful methods and means, at the negotiation table, East Asia region is likely to become a potential source of destabilisation and conflict whose size, in respect to the location and the number of parties directly or indirectly engaged in the dispute might turn out to be extremely hazardous.

  • CURRENT INTERNATIONAL SITUATION IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA THE PATH TO CONFRONTATION?

    Author: Karol Kościelniak
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 138-149
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: rop/2013/rop201308.pdf

    In recent years, the South China Sea area has become the arena of competition between the countries of Southeast Asia that set up claims to maritime areas and the islands, and, all the more, want to control and exploit what can be found under the seabed, namely the deposits of oil and gas. The situation in the area cannot even be resolved by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (Montego Bay, 1982). Apart from the resources found in the sea and under the seabed, this body of water is an important shipping route, which makes it a strategically significant area for each of the countries located there, or those whose interests involve the South China Sea.
    In this work, I describe the current situation in the waters of South China Sea: whether the countries bordering it strive for conflict or just secure their interests. It turns out each of the states will set up demands to the islands on this sea and especially to everything that lives in the sea and is to be found under the seabed. Minor, and also more significant incidents will happen, but it does not seem likely that any serious open conflict between the states of the region will break out in the close future. None of the countries pursues it and they do everything they can to maintain the status quo.

  • Konflikt na Morzu Południowochińskim Zarys historyczny, omówienie problemów natury politycznej i prawnej ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem elementów polityki zagranicznej Chin

    Author: Maciej Zuziak
    E-mail: maciejzuziak101@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 131-153
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181807
    PDF: npw/18/npw1807.pdf

    The South China Sea dispute: historical overview, discussion of problems of a political and legal nature with particular emphasis on elements of China’s foreign policy

    The South China Sea is one of the key interests of Chinese foreign policy. The author of the provided article will analyse geopolitical factors, including estimation of the total value of the resources of the South China Sea, further providing the reader with information about international law regulations regarding the analysed matter, as well as presenting the current situation on the South China Sea. During the realisation of said plan, the author will try to prove the thesis that the South China Sea is of utmost importance to the Republic of China, the thesis that international law is unable to resolve disputes arising from said sea, as well as the thesis that Chinese presence is gradually increasing on the South China Sea. After proving all of the highlighted theses, the author will present the most probable political forecast, as well as opinions presented in literature regarding this matter.

  • Power Analysis and Geopolitical Codes of South China Sea States in the Context of Contemporary Geopolitics

    Author: Marek Musioł
    Institution: University of Wrocław
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 407-430
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019302
    PDF: ppsy/48-3/ppsy2019302.pdf

    The analysis in this article provides an overview of the research on the current relations among countries of the South China Sea basin. For this purpose, I have decided to apply the geopolitical research workshop, focusing on its contemporary approach. On the one hand, this work uses the available indicators and index to gauge the level of development, economic and demographic potential, and military expenditure of these states. On the other hand, an effort was made to analyze and measure power, taking into account the changing geopolitical status of countries in this sub-region.
    Contemporary geopolitics in this context allows to verify the scale of the impact on permanent environmental and geographic factors (e.g. publicized investments carried out by the People’s Republic of China in Mischief Reef, Fiery Cross, Subi Reef and Woody Island) and the elaboration of proposals going beyond the classical, geopolitical framework (morphological, political and military factors). Therefore, this article also includes the use of geopolitical codes to assess the current strategies of these countries and to describe potential scenarios of actors’ behaviour in the sub-region.

  • Some Comments on Vietnam’s Security in the 21st Century

    Author: Karol Kościelniak
    E-mail: kkos@amu.edu.pl
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8240-5858
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 71-78
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201904
    PDF: rop/2019/rop201904.pdf

    The main objective set by many countries is ensuring security. The means to accomplish this goal are the armed forces, obliged to guarantee safe functioning of the state and its citizens. There are states, for which maintaining a powerful, modern army has enormous significance for their superpower status, for their preparedness to a potential conflict or as a deterrent for the neighbouring states. Therefore, in the following text I will deal with the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, because of its history, and especially due to the region where it is situated - one of the hottest places on Earth, full of misunderstandings, disputes and conflicts causing that the states situated there, including Vietnam, are modernising their armies.

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