Turkish foreign policy

Zewnętrzne uwarunkowania polityki zagranicznej Republiki Turcji

Author: Michał Dahl
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 20-33
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017202
PDF: so/12/so1202.pdf

External determinants of Turkish foreign policy

The main purpose of the paper was to present external (international) determinants influencing the shape of Turkish foreign policy. The structure of the work is based on the scheme developed by R. Zięba, illustrating factors shaping the foreign policy of the state. Due to volume restrictions, it was decided to analyze the following conditions: evolution of the geopolitical situation in the region, the position of the state in the system of international relations and roles, and the range of contractual international connections (objective external determinants), as well as international perception of a given country and nation, and expectations and requirements formulated towards them by other countries (subjective external determinants).

Polityka zagraniczna Turcji – uwarunkowania wewnętrzne subiektywne

Author: Michał Dahl
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2803-2648
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 91-101
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2019206
PDF: so/16/so1606.pdf

Internal Subjective Determinants of Turkish Foreign Policy

The purpose of this article was to characterize selected subjective internal determinants affecting the foreign policy of the Republic of Turkey: the concept of foreign policy and the quality and activity of foreign service and diplomacy. The most important challenges that Ankara’s diplomacy was forced to address include the need for a clear statement on the side of one of the blocks fighting in World War II, reaching agreement with Greece, partially related to territorial disputes, arranging relations with the USA, Israel and Arab states, as well as conducting accession negotiations with NATO and the European Union. The assumption of power by the Justice and Development Party has started a new phase in Turkish foreign policy. The article indicates international initiatives undertaken by Turkish decision-makers after 2002, including the promotion of culture and language (Yunus Emre Institutes) and development assistance (Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency).

Polityka zagraniczna Turcji - uwarunkowania wewnętrzne obiektywne

Author: Michał Dahl
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 17-40
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2017102
PDF: so/11/so1102.pdf

Turkish foreign policy – internal objective determinants

The purpose of the article was to present selected conditions of the foreign policy of the Republic of Turkey, formulated on the basis of a scheme of factors shaping the foreign policy of the state, developed by R. Zięba. The analyzed group of determinants was limited to the objective internal conditions, therefore factors such as: the geographical environment of the state, potential of the population, economic potential and the socio-political system. Using the analysis of legal acts, reports of research institutes, statistical data and literature on the subject, the Author of the work showed the importance of the above-mentioned internal determinants on the shaping of directions of Turkish foreign policy.

Relacje rosyjsko-tureckie w kontekście wojny na Ukrainie

Author: Sylwester Gardocki
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1703-0172
Year of publication: 2024
Source: Show
Pages: 9-20
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20244001
PDF: npw/40/npw4001.pdf

Russian-Turkish relations in the context of the war in Ukraine

The outbreak of the war between Russia and Ukraine has put Turkey in a difficult situation. The Turkish government, which adopted a strategy of ambiguity towards this conflict, tried to maintain good economic relations with Russia while providing military support to Ukraine. Turkey’s policy towards the Russia-Ukraine war refers to the broader context of international rivalry that involves the United States and China. In this situation, Turkey must take into account all circumstances of international competition. The scientific hypothesis refers to the measurable benefits that Turkey derives from applying such a strategy towards the Russian-Ukrainian conflict.

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