Ukraine

On the Ukrainian-Polish forum of historians and related insights on policy making and international relations in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Kyrylo Mieliekiestsev
Institution: Vasyl’ Stus Donetsk National University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4931-9576
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 121-127
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/PPUSN.2022.01.11
PDF: pomi/04/pomi411.pdf

This paper focuses on preserving, translating and analyzing pieces of information on the 2015–2018 Ukrainian- Polish Forum of Historians, allowing for knowledge of this event to be spread beyond Ukraine and Poland. Through this article the author wishes to show that to the governments of Central and Eastern Europe, such as Ukraine and the Republic of Poland, history became a consideration in state policy, due to massive shifts of views on how to approach history between the era of totalitarian Soviet domination and the development of current democratic governments. Although it is something that would be considered outside of state purview in the West, possibly even called “undemocratic”, the government’s interest in how history is told to the population must be viewed in the context of both information warfare, and in how the countries of Central and Eastern Europe approach international relations. Because of this, the Ukrainian-Polish Forum of Historians, organized by Polish and Ukrainian Institutes of National Remembrance (differential in their approaches to what can be considered “shared history”) is of interest as an example of how joint discussions of history, attempts to find a common position, or a compromise, were considered relevant and needed for policy makers in Poland and Ukraine. Analyzing the prerequisites of the events, the topics discussed at the Forum (largely concerning mid-20th century history of Poland and Ukraine), and its results we conclude that, although the differences on how Ukrainian and Polish governments viewed their countries’ history eventually led to the Forum stopping, the initiative led to new actions from independent actors trying to support the idea of shared forgiveness and modern Polish-Ukrainian unity despite different views on various historical events. That shows that politics of memory affect Ukrainian and Polish policymaking, allowing an alternative perspective on the theory of international relations, one that considers not simply realist expectations, but emotional attachments to a country’s past and wishes to see that past respected, or at least not actively opposed, by other nations.

Moskiewska i Kijowska wizja interpretacji sporów o przeszłość ciągłości historycznych korzeni wzajemnej państwowości

Author: Lech Wyszczelski
Institution: Naukowiec Niezależny
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 129-142
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/PPUSN.2022.01.12
PDF: pomi/04/pomi412.pdf

Moscow and Kyiv vision of the interpretation of disputes about the past of the continuity of the historical roots of mutual statehood

Russian Federation’s attack of February 24, 2022 on Ukraine was no coincidence but a strategy to regain the status of superpower. Referring to history was its significant part. Indeed, that is a shared history, at least in the origin, though differently interpreted by both states, independent from 31 years. Based on the promoted from 16th Century vision of Russia as the Byzantine Empire’ successor, Putin’s Russian Federation claims the right to build an empire that would include all lands of the Russian Empire. It does not recognise independent statehood and Ukrainian nationality. The war was started to achieve that goal.

Dziewiętnastowieczna historia Czechów w świetle ukraińskiej historiografii minionego trzydziestolecia (1991–2020)

Author: Adam Świątek
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4256-3496
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 124-163
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso220306
PDF: hso/34/hso3406.pdf
License: This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license CC BY-NC-ND 4.0.

Nineteenth-century Czech history in the light of Ukrainian historiography of the past three decades (1991–2020)

The article is an attempt to describe the achievements of contemporary Ukrainian historiography on the 19th century history of the Czechs and Czechia. The author analyzed syntheses, monographs and journal articles published in Ukraine in 1991–2020. In particular, three directions of research conducted in Ukraine were noticed: the Czech-Ukrainian intellectual, educational and cultural contacts in the Habsburg Monarchy, the Czech minority and its elites in the Ukrainian lands in the Russian Empire, and the history of the Czech lands in general.

Główne priorytety polityki zagranicznej prezydenta Andrzeja Dudy

Author: Monika Pawłowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7405-0754
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 9-27
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20220401
PDF: ksm/36/ksm3601.pdf

The main priorities of President Andrzej Duda’s foreign policy

In the present state of the political system, the powers of the Polish president to conduct an independent foreign policy are quite limited. But, in the case of the Andrzej Duda presidency, there are certain areas in which his activities between 2015–2021 were dominant, however. It mainly concerned the Three Seas Initiative, the aim of which is to integrate the economy and infrastructure of Central European countries. The Polish president was and still is the main architect of this project. Moreover, he plays an important role in shaping Poland’s relations with Ukraine, and above all with the United States. It should be noted that in the latter cases, they were closely related to another scope partly within the remit of the Polish president – security policy.

Organisations Established by the Parliamentary Opposition during the Euromaidan in Ukraine

Author: Liana Hurska-Kowalczyk
Institution: University of Szczecin
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 173-186
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2022.76.09
PDF: apsp/76/apsp7609.pdf

The aim of this article is to define the role of the organisations established by the parliamentary opposition during the Euromaidan. The political opposition created the National Resistance Headquarters and the All-Ukrainian Union “Maidan” at that time. In the long term, they were supposed to become a tool for the opposition in the upcoming presidential elections. In the short term, in turn, they were to coordinate the actions of protesters during the Euromaidan throughout Ukraine. In order to achieve the research objective, the historical, systemic, and case study methods were used.

Флоркросинг: особливості партійних перестрибувань в Україні

Author: Марія Розік
Institution: Волинський національний університет імені Лесі Українки, Україна
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0974-8985
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 56-70
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2022403
PDF: so/24/so2403.pdf

Floor-crossing: peculiar features of party switching in Ukraine

The paper considers the meaning of the term “floor-crossing”, its basic kinds, legislative regulation and features of party switching in Ukraine since its independence. It has been found out that crossing the floor, change of political orientations and, as a consequence, adjustment of pre-election promises, the reality the Ukrainian politician face. Floor crossing in the Ukrainian Parliament has become a phenomenon that altered coalitions, generated opportunism and political corruption. It has been established that in modern practice there are two possible ways of influencing the process of inter-party switching: a legislative ban or a purely formal condemnation of the deputy’s/party’s actions on the part of the electorate and party members. To reduce the number of switching between factions, Ukraine has a so-called imperative mandate (a special version of it). It applies only to the deputies who are elected from the lists of political parties. Consequently, the problem lies in the partial legislative regulation of the problem of “floor-crossing”, which should be enshrined in new regulations /normative acts/. This acquires particular significance in the context of Russian military aggression and possible subversive activity of pro-Russian politicians, whose activities should be ruled out by such legislative acts. Any attempts to discredit the country on the part of deputies, making advances to the aggressor, should have legal consequences and the possibility for the electorate to influence the politician being elected. It has been found that frequent party switching discredits electoral and parliamentary system and shows flaws in the selection of personalities and why they go into politics; in addition, it can also indicate the strength or weakness of political parties. It has been proven that excessive and nontransparent motivated floor-crossing of deputies is becoming rarer with each new convocation, indicating a positive trend in the qualitative selection of candidates for deputies among party members. The final consolidation of the proportional system with open lists in the Electoral Code and the legislative regulation of inter-party/inter-factional switching should be the basis of qualitative deputy composition and commitment to declared political ideas.

Суб’єктивація versus масовізація українського соціуму

Author: Ірина Грабовська
Institution: Науково-дослідний інститут українознавства, Україна
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7416-9541
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 71-82
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2022404
PDF: so/24/so2404.pdf

Subjectivation Versus Massization of Ukrainian Society

The article analyses the transformation in modern Ukraine in specific manifestations of their specificity, namely – the subjectivation and massization of Ukrainian society. In analysing this problem, parallels are drawn with the conclusions of already developed concepts and ideas of foreign and Ukrainian philosophers. In the modern civilized world, according to the worldfamous scientist F. Fukuyama, there are two mutually exclusive processes dependent primarily on Western civilization. One of them is the defragmentation of communities by group identities: professional, age, religious, sexual, etc. Such a mosaic of community leads to the disappearance of unity in the country, the growth of mutual claims, misunderstandings and conflicts, the individuation of members of society to the existence of atomised individuals who lose touch with their social environment. On the other hand, there is a process of identifying the mass of people as social beings with more powerful groups, primarily nations, which leads to mutual claims at the international level and threats of authoritarianism and destruction of democracies in certain countries, especially those that have entered the modernisation process. And yet F. Fukuyama believes that understanding is possible. It is worth looking for and finding a reasonable compromise that leads to consensus. According to the author of this intelligence, such a process can be tentatively described as the formation of “liberal nationalism”. The article concludes that strengthening the subjectivity of modern Ukraine is a necessary condition for its self-affirmation as an independent state – a self-sufficient actor in the historical arena. One of the main directions in the development of subjectivation is the demassization and demassification of post-Soviet society, overcoming all signs of its postcolonialism.

On the issue of the political discourse translation methodology

Author: Svitlana Yukhymets
Institution: Odessa National Maritime University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3350-7310
Author: Valentyna Pshoniak
Institution: Odessa National Maritime University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0535-9947
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 87-92
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/PPUSN.2022.03.10
PDF: pomi/6/pomi610.pdf

On the issue of the political discourse translation methodology

The article is focused upon the challenges of the political discourse translation methodology. The overview of the key works in the field of theory and practice of translation has allowed to distinguish the correlation between the stylistic peculiarities and translation strategy, tactics and operations. It has been outlined that challenges for adequate political discourse translation are evoked by genre discrepancy, the issue of the rendering such peculiar vocabulary items as realia, nationally colored phraseological unities and fusions, as well as proverbs and sayings. The objective of the research is seen as the search of efficient methods and techniques aimed at optimizing the quality of political discourse translation in the paradigm of the communicative and functional approach. The urgency of the study is proved by the growing demand for the qualified political discourse translation both on the external international and internal domestic policy levels. The criterion of the trustworthiness and political tolerance is especially upto-date in the view of the recent political situation in the world in general and in Ukraine in particular. The role of the qualified political discourse translation for the political future of Ukraine can’t be overestimated. The mission of translators and their duty is to perform adequate, faithful and qualified translation of all sort of political speeches, disputes, negotiations and agendas from Ukrainian into English and other foreign languages to give the world the idea of the essence of both social and political life in the country. The power of speech and language means is sometimes stronger than the power of weapon. The findings of the research may be of great value for future translators training and self-education. The perspective is seen in working out the methodology of publicist and scientific discourses translation in the aspect of the globalization of Ukrainian culture and science international distribution.

Kresy południowo-wschodnie Rzeczypospolitej w badaniach i twórczości Stanisława Sławomira Nicieji

Author: Marceli Kosman
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 85-126
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2015206
PDF: so/8/so806.pdf

The south-east borderland of the Republic of Poland in research and output of Stanisław Nicieja

The theme of the dissertation is the research on the territories of the borderland (called Kresy) in the South-East of the Polish State in the interwar period (1918– 1939), that have been lost to the Soviet Union after 1945. Initially for political reasons prevented censorship publication on this topic, so it was especially to 1956 (untill October and liquidation of Stalinism) and completely aftergaining full sovereignty in 1989. The leading researchers and talented writers in this field is a historian from Opole Stanisław Sławomir Nicieja (born 1948), author of fundamental works on historical Polish cemeteries in lost Polish Lviv (cemetery on Łyczaków). Explorer is associated with the University of Opole, where was for four tenures a Rector. On Upper Silesia settled many of the inhabitants of the borderlands prior to 1945, whose memories and materials much enriched the material basis for the books of Nicieja. Article discusses in six sections their fortunes in a new homeland, the profile of a scientific investigator, and his most important works on the borderland villages and destruction of celturies-old culture. In this output leading position occupies today the anticipated for 30 volumes (not yet released 6) series, devoted the times of splendor and destruction their inhabitants. He geve it the title Kresowa Atlantyda, referring to the destruction of the legendary city in ancient times. It evokes Polish Lviv, Stanisławów and dozens of other towns durable stored in national history.

Przemiany niepodległościowe na Ukrainie w świetle polskiej publicystyki w latach 1988 – 1994

Author: Jacek Piotrowski
Institution: Absolwent Instytutu Historii i Archiwistyki Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 306-331
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201517
PDF: siip/14/siip1417.pdf

Polish journalism towards the independence transformations in Ukraine in 1988 – 1994

Ukraine, as a prominent republic of the Soviet Union, and – after disintegration of the USSR – a sovereign country playing a significant role in the geopolitics of the Central Eastern Europe, has been an important object of Polish journalists’ interest. The analysis of the texts and comments in the Polish press between 1988 and 1994 about emancipation transformations in Ukraine and social, political and economic issues of this country in the first period of its independence leads to conclusion that the public discussion participants have had positive and corroborative attitude towards the emancipation of the Ukrainians. Providing opportunities and threats in achieving the actual and solid independence of that republic the commentators express their opinions carefully. As the main obstacles they stress the imperialist ambitions of Russia, the problem of maintaining the territorial integrity of the state, the economic crisis related to the collapse of the Soviet economy and the consequences of exercising power by the post Soviet party apparatus representatives. The publicists claim, the first period of Ukrainian’s independence closed the conversion of Ukraine to the integration with Russia.

Nie tylko dyskusja. O partycypacyjnych formach i metodach organizacji młodzieżowych działających na terenie Ukrainy

Author: Joanna Stepaniuk
Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4724-7687
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 111-123
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip202206
PDF: cip/20/cip2006.pdf

Not only a discussion. About participatory forms and methods of youth organizations operating in the territory of Ukraine

The subject of the text concerns various forms and methods of the participation of selected Ukrainian youth organizations, which were particularly active in 2018. The author discusses the basic theoretical assumptions by analyzing the issue of participation in relation to Polish and foreign literature of the subject. Then, she describes the research material and methods of analysis of the collected empirical data. In the last part of the article, the author presents the most important conclusions regarding the „soft” and „hard” forms and methods of the participation of six youth organizations operating in Ukraine.

Reakcja Turcji na agresję Rosji w Ukrainie

Author: Kinga Smoleń
Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 99-122
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2023.77.06
PDF: apsp/77/apsp7706.pdf

Turkey’s reaction to Russia’s aggression against Ukraine

The aim of the publication is to analyze Turkey’s reaction to Russia’s aggression towards Ukraine. The research will first identify the following independent variables which determine Turkey’s response to Russia’s aggression against Ukraine: the geostrategic importance of the Black Sea, the multidimensional cooperation between Turkey and Ukraine, the interdependence of Turkey and Russia, and the economic crisis in Turkey. Secondly, the strategy of the analyzed reaction will be discussed together with the justification for its choice. Third, the diplomatic, political, military, and humanitarian actions undertaken by Turkey in response to the war in Ukraine will be analyzed. A methodological assumption has been made, with which Turkey’s reaction to Russia’s aggression against Ukraine (the dependent variable) is conditioned by independent variables functioning simultaneously on two levels: the international system and the domestic system. Four research hypotheses will be verified in the article.

O podziałach we współczesnej Ukrainie

Author: Magdalena Karolak-Michalska
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 242-253
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201617
PDF: cip/14/cip1417.pdf

About subdivisions in contemporary Ukraine

The aim of the article is to broaden the discussion on the multi-faceted divisions in Ukraine. Experts of Ukrainian problems are asking, what means „east” and „west” of Ukraine? Author refers to the division of ethnic, linguistic and cultural, in the end is about political divisions in Ukraine. It also indicates that the divisions in Ukrainian society deal with the mutual perception of the Ukrainian and Russian nations. In the final passages concludes that some of the other divisions deepen, making the polarization of Ukraine a serious problem. Analyzing multi-faceted divisions, it concludes that without de-Sovietizing, state „no strikes” with the authoritarian ways of development and make effective modernization.

The Council of Europe’s Attitude Towards New Challenges for Democracy, the Rule of Law and the Protection of Human Rights

Author: Jerzy Jaskiernia
Institution: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9401-5999
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 223-235
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2023.03.16
PDF: ppk/73/ppk7316.pdf

The Council of Europe plays a special role in promoting democracy, the rule of law and the protection of human rights. The events of recent years, and especially Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, have significantly changed the conditions for the implementation of the Council of Europe’s mission. The author analyzed, based on the resolution of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe 2473 (2022) “Strengthening the role of the Council of Europe as a cornestone of the European political architecture”, the activities of the Council of Europe aimed at seeking its role in the emerging new political architecture of Europe. Russia’s aggression against Ukraine may create conditions for a new look at the opportunities offered by the Council of Europe for European development and create a climate for intensifying forms of cooperation between European international organizations in the event of new threats to European development.

The role of the Ukrainian diaspora in preserving the cultural identity and individuality of the Ukrainian nation during the 1960s and 1970s

Author: Nadia Kindrachuk
Institution: Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7505-0668
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 26-40
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20230102
PDF: ksm/37/ksm3702.pdf

The article found that the Ukrainian diaspora was an integral component of Ukrainian ethnic integrity. Numerous public, cultural and educational institutions created by emigrants in their places of residence stood guard over Ukrainian national interests and, despite all obstacles, conducted fruitful cooperation with Ukrainians in the Motherland. In order to preserve and develop the Ukrainian language, representatives of the diaspora paid great attention to the release of the Ukrainian printed word into the world. Due to total censorship in the Ukrainian SSR, Ukrainians abroad contributed to the publication abroad of many Ukrainian works that were banned in Ukraine. By means of international tourism, international student exchange, and world radio broadcasting, contacts between Ukrainian and foreign youth were gradually established, and the spheres of communication expanded. The main task of the Ukrainian diaspora was to preserve the ethnic and cultural identities of the Ukrainian nation, and consolidate the scattered emigration forces for the sole purpose of preparing a political and professional basis for the acquisition of an independent, cathedral Ukrainian state.

Współczesna propaganda rosyjska a wojna w Ukrainie

Author: Marta Labuda
Institution: Instytut Nauk Politycznych i Stosunków Międzynarodowych, Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5327-9426
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 78-91
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20230104
PDF: ksm/37/ksm3704.pdf

Contemporary Russian propaganda and the war in Ukraine

The article is an attempt to analyze contemporary Russian propaganda through the prism of the war in Ukraine. The purpose of the research is to assess the effectiveness of contemporary Russian propaganda in this area. The research was based on a qualitative methodology with the use of a source analysis strategy. Research showed the contemporary Russian propaganda has a significant impact on the perception of the war in Ukraine among Russians – although its effectiveness is showing a decrease.

Peculiarities of the Teaching of European Studies for Technical Specialties Students in Higher Educational Institutions of Ukraine (on the Example of Lviv Polytechnic National University)

Author: Yaryna Turchyn
Institution: Lviv Polytechnic National University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9114-1911
Author: Lidiia Kasha
Institution: Lviv Polytechnic National University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7793-8799
Author: Iryna Sukhorolska
Institution: Lviv Polytechnic National University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5833-3217
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 63-73
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/CPLS.2023107
PDF: cpls/5/cpls507.pdf

The purpose of the publication is to study the state and peculiarities of teaching European studies for students of technical specialties in higher educational institutions of Ukraine, mainly on the example of Lviv Polytechnic National University (hereinafter LPNU), where the Erasmus+ Jean Monnet Chair project “European Studies for Technical Specialties” (hereinafter EUSTS) has been implemented since September 2022. The hypothesis of the presented research is the statement that with the strengthening of the European integration course of Ukraine the demand for knowledge about the European Union and the European integration of Ukraine among students of technical specialties is increasing, and university education is ready to satisfy such a request, applying the latest methods and approaches in the organization of education. The main focus is on clarifying the peculiarities of the formation of European studies in Ukraine; including not only classical, but also technical universities in this process; search for effective mechanisms for implementing knowledge about the EU into the educational process of students of technical specialties. To achieve the specified goals, a number of research methods were used, such as: historical-comparative, periodization, analysis of empirical data, systemic and structural-functional. It has been found that the development of European studies in Ukraine has gone through several stages of its formation. The first lasted from the moment Ukraine regained its state independence in 1991 and was characterized by the presence of limited opportunities in universities to introduce European studies in the conditions of a centralized higher education system. The second stage was marked by the adoption of the Law of Ukraine “On Higher Education” (2014), which, in fact, provided sufficient tools for the development of European studies in Ukrainian universities. Similarly, at that time, the study of the European Union and European integration was formed at Lviv Polytechnic National University, including for students of technical specialties. On the basis of statistical data, it has been concluded that among the students of the National Academy of Sciences, there is a growing interest in the study of academic disciplines related to the EU and the European integration course of Ukraine. To a large extent, this is explained by the current political status of Ukraine as a candidate for EU membership and the strengthening of Ukrainian society’s support for the process of European integration as a result of Russian aggression. Accordingly, a number of educational disciplines have been introduced for students of technical specialties at the level of LPNU in recent years, which form knowledge about the EU and European integration, but only thanks to the implementation of international projects here, mainly the Erasmus+ Jean Monnet programs. This creates prerequisites for the fact that, in the future, separate educational programs in European studies can be developed at the university, which are most expedient to implement at the second (master’s) and third (PhD) educational levels. It is important that they focus on those policies of the EU and European integration directions of Ukraine that are of particular interest to students of technical specialties, for example, EU digital policy, EU energy policy, EU policy in the field of climate, environmental protection, etc. The acquired competences will not only allow the graduates of LPNU to implement European standards and values in their professional activities, but also to more effectively use the EU toolkit in the post-war reconstruction of Ukraine. Also, taking into account the recommendations of the Ministry of Education and Culture of Ukraine and the political situation of the state, it is worth introducing a mandatory educational discipline for all students of technical specialties of Ukrainian universities on the topic of the European Union, its principles, foundations and values, as well as the features of Ukraine’s European integration progress in various areas.

The Challenges of Ukrainian Refugee Educators Abroad: Survey Results Based on the Example of Poland

Author: Larysa Lukianova
Institution: National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0982-6162
Author: Oksana Ovcharuk
Institution: National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7634-7922
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 134-146
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.23.73.3.10
PDF: tner/202303/tner7310.pdf

Abstract The study presents the results of the online case study of Ukrainian refugee educators who were forced to move to Poland. The study aimed to investigate problems encountered by refugee educators and find possible options for supporting them and their professional activities per the interests expressed during the survey in the context of lifelong learning. The conceptual background of the research problem was based on the theory of adult education and the recent international strategies. The research sample consisted of 124 refugee educators aged 35–55+ years who have the potential to work by the obtained speciality. Data were collected using a Google Forms questionnaire; qualitative research methods were used. The results allowed for formulating conclusions and perspectives on the educators’ professional development and support.

Education of Children with a Refugee Background in Poland in the Situation of War in Ukraine. Outline of the Problems

Author: Marzena Kruk
Institution: University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5067-632X
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 7-22
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2023.02.01
PDF: kie/140/kie14001.pdf

In the context of the military conflict in Ukraine, since February 24, 2022, the Polish government has decided to include refugee children in the continuation and implementation of education in the Polish education system at various stages and levels of education. Educational institutions in Poland have faced the great challenge of accepting refugee children into the Polish education system. Due to the war situation, both children with a refugee background and their guardians (mothers), as well as teachers, were confronted with the reality that showed many aspects of education and the implementation of the didactic process in a situation hitherto unknown and unexpected. The article aims to provide a preliminary diagnosis of the education process of children with a refugee background from the perspective of teachers and institutional support. In addition, the analysis also attempted to assess the health and mental well-being of children with experience of war trauma. Critical reflection on the education process of refugee children in Poland is based on available reports and studies of quantitative and qualitative research carried out primarily by public institutions (Polish Ministry of Education and Science, UNHCR, Integrated Educational Platform) and the private sector (Centre for Citizenship Education 2022–2023).

Czynniki determinujące kontynuowanie wojny rosyjsko-ukraińskiej

Author: Marcin Koczan
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8039-6820
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 110-124
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20233705
PDF: npw/37/npw3705.pdf

Factors determining the continuation of the Russian-Ukrainian war

On February 24, 2022, Russian troops attacked the territory of Ukraine, starting a new phase of the conflict that has been ongoing since 2014. Due to the difference in potential between Russia and Ukraine, most analysts expected a relatively quick end of military operation. Although several months have passed since the attack, there are no signs that the war will end soon. On the contrary, most indications indicate that the conflict will not end any time soon. The authorities of both sides declare their willingness to start peace negotiations, but they set preconditions unacceptable to the other side. Societies seem determined to continue the war, or at least there are no widespread symptoms of defeatism. Russia’s military potential has not reached a critical level that would make it impossible to wage a full-scale war, and the economic situation is better than predicted a few months ago. Ukraine’s continued resistance depends on the extent of assistance it receives from its allies. The article describes the factors that prove the continuation of military operations, but also the reasons for ending the war.

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart