violence

  • SOLDIER WOMAN WOMAN IN THE ARMS OF THE MARS

    Author: Jarosław J. Piątek
    Institution: University of Szczecin
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 165-177
    DOI Address: -
    PDF: rop/2013/rop201310.pdf

    A term „violence”, despite transformations of the meanings, has always been connected with relations between genders, and as such, what it means in a given society to be a woman and a man and which economic, social and psychological relations have been assigned to these categories. At least since the 18th century, unequal share of the power between men and women has been justified with, among others, a different share of “passion” and different potential of violence. A real power ready to use violence should be focused on the men side while a tasks of women should be neutralizing men’s readiness to use violence, achieved by subjecting themselves to men. For thousands of years military battles have been almost exclusively a man’s privilege. Even 100 years ago, women did not have a right to vote even in western countries with the longest democratic traditions. Today, giving a woman the highest office in a state is not unusual. So can we talk about a fall of the patriarchy and replacing men by women even in such man fields as war and military battles?

  • Causes and Management Strategies of Violent Activities in Tertiary Education Institutions in North-Central Nigeria

    Author: Isiaka Abdulaziz
    E-mail: abdulaziz.i@unilorin.edu.ng
    Institution: University of Ilorin in Ilorin
    Author: AbdulrasaqOlatunji Balogun
    Institution: University of Ilorin in Ilorin
    Author: AlexanderOlushola Iyekolo
    Institution: University of Ilorin in Ilorin
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 122-134
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.54.4.10
    PDF: tner/201804/tner5410.pdf

    The presented descriptive study involved three hundred and sixty five (365) lecturers and one thousand one hundred and sixty two (1,162) students selected from twelve (12) tertiary education institutions spread across North-Central Nigeria, making a thousand five hundred and twenty seven (1,527) respondents for the study. The main instrument used to obtain data for this study was adapted questionnaire, two research questions and three hypotheses were formulated. The hypotheses were tested using the t-test statistical technique at 0.05 level of signifi cance. Sociologists, religious leaders, the government, homes and school management should embark on enlightenment campaign programs.

  • About Women in Conflicts and Wars: Theories of Violence and Collective Memory

    Author: Inga B. Kuźma
    Institution: University of Łódź (Poland)
    Author: Edyta Pietrzak
    Institution: Łódź University of Technology (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 49-64
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2019103
    PDF: ppsy/48-1/ppsy2019103.pdf

    The article deals with the subject of relations between theories of violence and the category of collective memory in relation to women’s war stories. The text introduces the issue of war and conflict, understanding the theory of violence, the category of collective memory and female war narratives, as well as the ways of their political interpretation. The interpretation is crucial because of method used in the research, meaning hermeneutics, but also because of the, presented here, perspective of polyphony.

  • Retrospektywne spojrzenie na przemoc rówieśniczą w szkole

    Author: Aleksandra Tłuściak-Deliowska
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 11-32
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2016.03.01
    PDF: kie/113/kie11301.pdf

    Research on bullying in schools (1) are taken mainly in the quantitative methodology and (2) are conducted mainly on the regular basis in order to diagnose the phenomenon, evaluating its size and severity, as well as its determinants. The main aim of article is to present results of retrospective study on the experience of peer violence (e.g. the bully, bullied and bystander) at school (primary, middle and high school), with a particular focus on written statements of respondents. The data source was autobiographical memory of young adults. The study was conducted in the current academic year 2014/2015 among pedagogy students of the specialties of teacher education. As a result, the retrospective qualitative data about school experience of young adults were collected. Accept descriptions revealed a variety of personal experiences of respondents associated with peer violence at school, mainly from the perspective of its bystanders and victims. Data also provide a unique account of how adults view and perceived their school experiences.

  • Mysterium tremendum: el sacrifi cio humano como motivo literario en la narrativa latinoamericana contemporánea

    Author: Edyta Andzel-O’Shanahan
    Institution: Investigadora independiente
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 179-192
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/sal.2019.01.06
    PDF: sal/9/sal906.pdf

    Mysterium tremendum - human sacrifice as a liter ary motif in contemporary Latin-American prose fiction

    The aim of this article is twofold: firstly, it examines the meaning and the role of the frightening Aztec ritual of human sacrifice in its original religious and political context. Human sacrifice was an integral part of the Aztec world view. It facilitated the communication between the supernatural forces and the human world through the interchange of vital energy. Human sacrifice also had a political meaning, as over time it intensified and was transformed into a formidable display of state power. Secondly, the article investigates the use of human sacrifice as a literary motif in modern Latin-American prose fiction. The selected examples illustrate how the Aztec ritual has acquired different connotative values, distant from its original denotation. It has been transformed into a symbol of historical violence, existential fears and irrational reality.

  • Stereotyp mężczyzny jako ofiary przemocy - percepcja studentów

    Author: Justyna Pikus
    E-mail: j.pikus@uwb.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0159-3031
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 195-208
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2020.01.12
    PDF: kie/127/kie12712.pdf

    Changes occurring in the modern world have a significant impact on the perception of a number of social phenomena that are studied by social pedagogy. One of them is violence in partnerships, which is associated with the stereotype of a man as the main perpetrator of violence. Stereotypes functioning in the consciousness of our community are often inconsistent with reality. Most people, however, have the conviction that they are true and unchangeable. This conviction led to the sole identification of the woman with the victim and the man with the perpetrator of violence. Most people are unaware of the existence of battered husband syndrome. The aim of the article is to analyze the phenomenon of female violence against men in the perception of academic youth. Research analyzes presented in the article focus on the assumption of changing the stereotype of man as the perpetrators of violence.

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